||Markneukirchen is well-known as a centre of German
musical instrument making. The town is situated 468 metres above sea level.
Markneukirchen is more than 800 years old. In about 1650 Markneukirchen
was a small town with nearly 600 inhabitants, most of them being craftsmen,
farmers, and hauliers. As one result of the Re-Catholicization in Bohemia
citizens from Graslica moved to Saxony being geographical neighbours.Among
them there had been twelve violinmakers, who founded the first German
violinmaker guild in 1677. Beginning in the
middle of the 19th century the craftsmen became more and more dependent
upon salers as well as an increase in the division of labour amongst the
neighbouring villages. The fact that labels of famous instrument makers
have often been placed into certain violins, in order to reach a higher
price, causes confusion among their owners still today.
The distributors, however, did not do any work selflessy.Up until 1945
over 20 millionares were to be counted in our small town. From 1893 till
1916 a Consulate of the United States was opened – just to simplify
the exportation overseas.
|Both world wars, tremendous
inflation, and the World Economic Crises negativly influenced the
production of musical instruments. During the time of the GDR (German
Democratic Republic) mass production played an important role. Today,
there remains no longer any mass production, it being turned over
to lands with low production costs such as Asia.In the present day
all orchestral instruments are mostly hand made in over 100 workshops,
and produced in 5 middle class factories.